ORIGIN OF TIRUMALA VENKATESWARA TEMPLE
The temple has its Origin in Vaishnavism, an ancient sect which advocates the principles of equality and love, and prohibits animal sacrifice.Sri Venkatachala Mahatyam is referred to in several Puranas, of which the most important are the Varaha Purana and the Bhavishyottara Purana.
The printed work contains extracts from the Varaha Purana, Padma Purana, Garuda Purana, Brahmanda Purana, Markandeya Purana, Harivamsa, Vamana Purana, Brahma Purana, Brahmottara Purana, Aditya Purana, Skanda Purana and Bhavishyottara Purana. Most of these extracts describe the sanctity and antiquity of the hills around Tirumala and the numerous teerthams situated on them.
The legends taken from the Venkatachala Mahatyam and the Varaha Purana, pertaining to the manifestation of the Lord at Tirumala, are of particular interest.
According to the Varaha Purana, Adi Varaha manifested Himself on the western bank of the Swami Pushkarini, while Vishnu in the form of Venkateswara came to reside on the southern bank of the Swami Pushkarini.
One day, Rangadasa, a staunch devotee of Vishnu, was on his way to Tirumala Pilgrimage. In the course of his pilgrimage, he met Vaikhanasa Gopinatha, who was going up the Tirumala Hill for the daily worship of Lord Venkateswara. After bathing in the Swami Pushkarini, he beheld the lotus-eyed and blue-bodied Vishnu beneath a tamarind tree. Vishnu was exposed to the sun, wind and rain and was only protected by the extended wings of Garuda.
Rangadasa was astounded by the wonderful sight. He raised a rough wall of stones around the deity, and started supplying flowers faithfully to Gopinatha everyday for Vishnu’s worship.
One day, a Gandharva King distracted Rangadasa towards the beautiful ladies. Consequently, he forgot to supply flowers to Gopinatha for Vishnu’s worship. The Lord then appeared before him and revealed Himself and told Rangadasa that He had been testing the latter’s continence, but Rangadasa had not been steadfast and had succumbed to temptation.
However, the Lord accepted and appreciated Rangadasa’s devoted service to Him till then, and blessed Rangadasa that he would be reborn as an affluent ruler of a province and would enjoy the earthly pleasures. He would continue to serve the Lord by constructing a beautiful temple with a vimana and high surrounding walls, and thereby earn eternal glory.
Rangadasa was reborn as Thondaman, the son of the royal couple, Suvira and Nandini. Thondaman enjoyed a pleasurable life as a young man. One day, he set out on a hunting expedition on the Tirumala Hill with the help of a tribal man. He saw Lord Vishnu under the tamarind tree. Thondaman returned home, deeply affected by the vision of Lord Vishnu. He started visualizing the memories of his past life.
Thondaman later inherited his father’s kingdom, Thondamandalam. In accordance with the directions given by Adi Varaha to a tribal man, Thondaman happened to reach the Tirumala Hills for hunt. After realizing his past life, Thondaman constructed a prakaram and dvara gopura, and arranged for regular worship of the Lord (according to Vaikhanasa Agama).